Monday, November 17, 2008

Plaintiff Filed Application of Membership Prior to Suit

Prior to the commencement of this action the plaintiff was regularly dispatched to work by the officials of Local 162. In January 1953 he filed with that local his written application of journeymen membership accompanied by one-half of the initiation fee, as required by its constitution. He was notified in writing to take the entrance examination conducted by the local. He passed it, filed a doctor's certificate showing a good physical condition, and appeared at a regular meeting relating to applications for memberships. His application failed to receive a favorable two-thirds vote of the members voting, as required by the local's constitution, and was rejected. The trial court found that the 'plaintiff meets all lawful and reasonable requirements for membership in Local 162; and that plaintiff has performed each and every act heretofore required of him under the constitution and by-laws of Local 162 as a condition precedent to admission to journeymen membership therein, save and except said membership vote.' After the rejection of his application Local 162 dispatched a newly-admitted journeyman to perform the work for which the plaintiff had been regularly employed and the plaintiff has since then been employed intermittently elsewhere.

The plaintiff contends, and rightly so, that a labor organization may not properly maintain a closed union and a closed shop at the same time. Furthermore, a reference to the opinion in the case of Garmon v. San Diego Building Trades Council discloses that under present law a state court has jurisdiction to grant both legal and equitable relief in disputes involving labor practices in violation of valid state laws where interstate commerce is not involved but may not grant equitable relief by way of injunction in controversies involving commerce between the states. The plaintiff contends that interstate commerce is not here involved and that the state court therefore has jurisdiction to grant both the equitable and legal relief sought by him.

See Statute of Frauds, and Court Addressed Scope of General Laws of the State.